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Adam, Alexander Bruce - merchant, b. Dunfermline, Fife shire, Scotland, July 2, 1839; s.
Alexander and Bruce (Wilson) Adam; ed. schools of Dunfermline, Scotland; m. Boston,
Mass., July 16, 1868, Alice Nash; one daughter: Elizabeth Bruce. Began business life as dry
goods clerk, serving apprenticeship of five years in Dunfermline, followed by two years in
retail store in Glasgow; came to Boston in 1859 from Scotland and entered the dry goods
firm of Hogge, Brown & Taylor; came to Chicago in 1864 and entered the employ of Keith,
Faxon & Co., wholesale millinery, which dissolved in 1867; then with O. R. Keith & Co., in
the same line, until 1879, being a partner in that firm from 1870 until, in 1884, the firm of
Edson Keith & Co., wholesale millinery, was founded, in which he was a partner until 1896;
and since the present corporation of Edson Keith & Co. was organized, Jan. 1, 1897, has
been its pres. Republican. Clubs: Chicago, Calumet, Washington Park. Office: 132-134
Michigan Av. Residence: 2249 Calumet Av.20

Adam, Robert - (1728-1792) Considered the most famous architect of his time, Robert
Adam was the architect to King George the Third and the founder of neoclassicism. He was
born in Kirkaldy, Fife in 1728 to William Adam. After his father's death he joined the family
architectual firm called Adam Brothers,  with his brothers, John, James and William. In
1758 he and James moved to London and set up shop. Building on the Palladian style,
Adam took architecture one step further combining elements influenced by the Romans,
Greeks, Byzantines, and Italian Baroque to create his own unique style. Further he
designed everything to the smallest detail from the exterior to the interior giving his
creations a sense of unity and flow.

Adam, William - (1689-1748) Father of Robert Adam and a famous architect of his time.
William Adam was the architect hired by William, the 2nd Earl of Aberdeen to design Haddo
House. 14

Adams, Cornelius Rollin -b. 1856 Lawyer b. Washington D.C. Son of Cornelius Bull Adams
of Fairfield CT and Martha B. Loomis Adams, daughter of Gen. Lewis Loomis of Colebrook
NH. He graduated Dr. Hanson's classical institute, Waterville, ME in 1877. Married
Colebrook NH 1883 Myrtle Heath. On leaving school in 1879, he spent one year in office of
H. S. and F. S. Osborn and then moved to Oshkosh, Wisconson where he was admitted to
the Wisconsin bar; returned to Chicago in 1881 and was admitted to the Illinois Bar in 1882
where he engaged in general practice of law in Chicago. Republican, Mason, K.T.
Residence 1911 Maywood, IL; office 154 W. Randolph St.11

Adams, Cyrus Hall - b. 1849 - - Retired Board of Trade Merchant in 1911. Born Kerr's Creek,
Rockbridge Co., VA, the son of Hugh and Amanda (McCormick) Adams, mother was
daughter of Robert McCormick, ed. Chicago Public Schools and old Univ. of Chicago;
married Chicago 9/26/1878 Emma J., daughter of Lyman Blair; one son, Cyrus H., Jr.
Entered employ of Cyrus H. McCormick & Co., 1867; became member of the firm of
McCormick, Adams and Co. in 1871 and head of the firm of Cyrus H. Adams & Co., 1883;
retired from business due to ill health in 1889. During 1871-89 was member of the
Arbitration committee, member of the Appeals commison and a director of the board of
Trade. Was dir. Nat. Bank of America. Independent Democrat, Presbyterian, Trustee,
McCormick Theological Seminary; member Board of Governors, Presbyterian Hospital for a
number of years; governing member Art Institute of Chicago; Member Union League,
Onwentsia, Saddle & Cycle. Residence: 711 Rush Street Office: 313 Postal Telegraph Bldg.
11

Adams, Cyrus Hall, Jr. - b. 1881 Son Cyrus Hall/Emma J. Blair. A.B. Princeton Univ. 1903;
LLB Northwestern Univ. School of Law, 1906; married Mary S. Shumway of Chicago in
1906. Admitted to the IL bar 1906 and thence actively engaged in practice at Chicago.
Republican. Presbyterian. Member. Chicago Bar Assn. Clubs: University, Saddle and cycle.
Residence: 121 E. Huron St. Office: First Nat'l Bank bldg.11

Adamson, David P. - Dunfermline - Mormon who pushed a hand-cart for 1,300 miles to
reach his new home in Salt Lake City, UT.1

Adamson, George - (1906-1989) He was born in India of Scottish ancestry. He protected
animals, particularly lions and their environment, in Africa. He and his wife Joy created the
legend of Elsa, a lion cub they raised, and which became famous in the book and film Born
Free.14

Adamson, John - He published the Boston Scotsman from 1906 to 1914. The Caledonia,
which appeared between 1901 and 1923.1

Adamson, Robert - a chemist of Edinburgh, was first to recognize the artistic potential of
photography. In 1843 he helped David Octavius Hill apply the Calotype process of making
photographic prints on silver chloride paper. Working together, they produced some 2500
Calotypes, mainly portraits but also landscapes (1843-8).14

Adamson, Thomas - Indentured Servant Maryland 1775. He was 21, a tanner indented 4
years, and arrived on the Fortune.10

Addison, Alexander - (1759-1807). Born in Scotland, became President Judge of the Fifth
Judicial District of Pennsylvania under the Constitution of 1770.1

Aiken, Howard H. - Presumed to be Scottish by his surname, is credited with producing the
world’s first automatic sequence computer in 1939. He was assisted by Grace Murray
Hopper.14

Aikin, James - Settled in NY 1774. Millwright, who at 41 sailed on the Golden Rule.10

Aitchison, Robert - Member of South Chicago Caledonian Club and Member of the Robert
Burns Memorial and Monument Committee. Director of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society in
1891.

Aitken, Jane (1764-1832) -  The daughter of Robert Aitken, Jane was one of the first
American female printers,
she was also a bookseller, bookbinder, business-woman, and
employer during the early nineteenth century who emigrated from Paisley, Scotland
with her
family
to Philadelphia in 1769.  Jane’s own unique contribution to American printing history
was
as publisher to Charles Townsend's work of the first American translation of the Bible,
published in four octavo volumes in 1808.
 She was the first woman to ever print the Bible
and this was the first complete English translation of the Bible since the KJV two centuries
earlier.


Aitken, Robert - (1734-1802). Dalkeith-born printer and publisher set himself up in
Philadelphia as a bookseller. A few years later he was publishing the Pennsylvania
Magazine to which Tom Paine contributed. He also produced the first engravings of the
Revolutionary War. He printed the 'Aitken bible', the first complete English Bible printed in
America when imports were halted from Britain
-- the only one ever authorized and
approved by Congress it has become known as the Bible of the Revolution.
He was
succeeded in business by his daughter, Jane.1,14

Aitken, Robert Ingersoll - born in San Francisco of Scottish parents, he designed the
monuments to President McKinley at St. Helena, Berkeley and in Golden Gate Park, San
Francisco. He also designed the monument to the American Navy in Union Square, SF. In
1906 he moved to New York and has executed busts of some of the most prominent
Americans of the day. Notable of his ideal sculptures are "Bacchante" (1908), "The Flame"
(1909) and "Fragment" (1909).17

Aitken, William Maxwell (Lord Beaverbrook) - (1879-1964) Son of a Presbyterian minister
who had immigrated from Scotland to New Brunswick. Aitken became a millionaire
stockbroker in Montreal at age 29 and moved to England, where he was elected to
Parliament. In 1916 he bought control of the London Daily Express and two years later
founded the Sunday Express. He bought the Evening Standard in 1923. Aitken greatly
increased the circulation of his papers and made another fortune. He held the rank of
British cabinet minister in both world wars.14

Aitkin’s, Robert - On the frigate Trumbull during the Revolutionary War.1tt
innovations in librarianship through a yearly award. The Hugh C. Atkinson Memorial Award
“honors the life and accomplishments of Hugh C. Atkinson by soliciting nominations and
recognizing the outstanding accomplishments of an academic librarian who has worked in
the areas of library automation or library management and has made contributions
(including risk taking) toward the improvement of library services or to library development
or research.”

Badenoch, John Joseph - hay, grain, etc.; b. Fyfeshire, Scotland, Apr. 19, 1851; s. Joseph
and Helen (tough) Badenoch; ed. public schools of New York; m. Chicago, 1874, Clemence
Ward; children: Joseph W., John J., Jr. (deceased), Edward C., Annie L., David A., Ernest W.
Began in New York as errand boy; came to Chicago 1867, and was in employ of M.
Kronberg & Co., wholesale jewelers, for 7 years; in 1873 established present firm of J. J.
Badenoch & Co., commission merchants and shippers of hay, grain, feed, etc., of which is
still at head as pres. Republican. Was Alderman of old 11th Ward; pres. of the board of
Election Commissioners 3 years, and Board of Education 3 years; gen. supt. of police of the
City of Chicago 2 years. Member Chicago Board of Trade. Mason: Past Commander St.
Bernard Commander, K. T. Pres. and one of founders of Masonic Orphans’ Home. Pres. St.
Andrew’s Soc. Club: Illinois. Office: 44 S. Desplanes St. Residence: 282 Park Av.20

Barrie, James Matthew (Sir) - (1860-1937) He was born in Kirriemuir, Angus, the son of a
weaver. From 1890 wrote for the theatre, beginning with the successful Walker, London
(1893), Quality Street (1902), The Admirable Crichton (1902), and What Every Woman
Knows (1908), which established his reputation. He was already a well-known novelist
when, in 1904, he authored the play Peter Pan, which made him famous. He continued his
excursions into fairyland in such later plays as Dear Brutus (1917) and Mary Rose (1920).
He became a baronet (1913), was awarded the Order of Merit (1922), and was rector of
Edinburgh University (1930-7). 14, 18

Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall (Sir) - British soldier and astronomer, born in Largs, North
Ayrshire, W Scotland, UK. At 16 he entered the army, and served with distinction in Flanders,
the West Indies, Spain, and North America, being promoted major-general in 1813. He was
Governor of New South Wales from 1821-5. He catalogued 7385 stars, and received the
Copley Medal from the Royal Society. Brisbane, the capital of Queensland, was named after
him. .14

Byron, Ada - In 1843, the daughter of the half-Scottish poet Lord Byron, wrote a list of
instructions for a hypothetical computer theorized by the Englishman Charles Babbage,
thus becoming the world’s first computer programmer. In 1979, the U.S. Department of
Defense named its new standardized computer language ADA in her honor. 14

Byron, George Gordon (Lord) - (1788-1824) Half Scottish poet who burst onto the literary
scene in 1812 with "Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage." Even today, many Europeans consider
Byron to have been England’s greatest poet, Shakespeare included. He was the most
famous Briton in the world in 1824, the year the Greeks asked him for help in their war of
independence against the Turks. Byron, who had visited Greece previously and was
enchanted by it, arrived with nine servants, a dozen small cannon and colorful military
uniforms. All Europe was impressed and began to support the Greek cause and contribute
money to it. When Byron died of fever he became a mythical figure, and his is one of the few
foreign names bestowed upon Greek children.14

Craig, Elijah - Made the first batch of corn whiskey in Bourbon county, KY.14
Craig, George - The son of a Glasgow steelworker, he merged Harper and Row of New
York (owned by Rupert Murdoch) in 1990 with Collins to form Harper-Collins, a British-
American publishing house with $1.5 billion in revenues. He became chief executive of the
new company.14

Craig, Michael - talented young Perth sculptor from California is completing his first year at
the New York Academy of Art.1

Craig, Rev. Mr. - Tutored Richard Henry Lee who introduced the resolution calling for
independence.14

Craig, Robert - (b. 1824) Foreman at Rose Hill Cemetery, Chicago, IL, was born in
Renfrewshire, Scotland, on May 31, 1824. He emigrated to America in 1853 going first to
Philadelphia and then to Woodford County, Kentucky. There he was employed by Robert
Alexander in taking care of the fine stock on his farm. In 1856 he came to Chicago and was
first employed by the Galena Railroad as a section boss. He was also involved in ditching
the South Branch of the Chicago River. After 1856, he spent his winters in the South,
making ditches and levees. In 1857, he built levees and ditches for Evanston. In 1862, Mr.
Craig moved to Hyde Park and constructed the ditches, sewers and highways for that town.
In 1879 he was made foreman of Rose Hill Cemetery. He was married twice, first to Miss
Sarah Messenger and after her death, he married Mrs. Wagg, nee Miss Elizabeth Maskelen
of England. She had one son, George Wagg.

Craig, Robert - (b. May 9, 1840) Mfr/Member Illinois St. Andrew Society 1910. Born Port
Glasgow, Scotland; son James and Christina (Houston) Craig; ed. Scottish schools;
married Peotone, IL 1872 Jane Duffy. Left Greenock, Scotland 1854; settled in Providence
RI until 1869; served apprenticeship 4 years at trade of plumbing, steam and gas fitting with
J. W. Bishop, New Haven, Ct.; Worked at that trade for a year in Albany and Troy, N.Y.; Came
to Chicago 1865 and continued in the trade until 1867, when joined Robert Weir in firm of
Weir & Craig, plumbers; incorporated 1889, Weir & Craig Mfg. Co., manufacturers
plumbers’ and steam fitters’ supplies, of which is V.P. Presbyterian. Mason. Residence
6609 Lexington Ave. (Residence in 1905: 6615 Wentworth Av.) Office 2439 Wallace St.11, 20

Craig, William - Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Born Ayr, Scotland

Cullen, William - (1710-1790) He was the foremost medical teacher of his time, and at
Glasgow University became Britain’s first chemistry professor. But he is best remembered
for his Edinburgh Pharmacopoeia, the first modern pharmacopoeia, published in 1776.14
Duff, James S. - died July 26, 1913; buried Rose Hill, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois
St. Andrew Society.

Duff, William L. - Lt. Col. in the Revolutionary War, 2nd Illinois Reg of Artillery, he is buried in
Edinburgh beneath the statue of Lincoln.

Edison, Thomas Alva - (b. 1847) Demonstrated the first complete incandescent lighting
system at Menlo Park, New Jersey in 1879. His paternal line most likely originated in
Scotland. His mother was Mary Elliott, of Scottish ancestry. This "Wizard of Menlo Park"
amassed 1,098 patents. Among his most famous basic inventions are the stock ticker
(1870) and the mimeograph (1876), which was the first practical duplicating machine. In
1877 he produced the phonograph and a year later the wax phonograph record. He is also
credited with the invention of motion pictures in 1894 and talking motion pictures in 1913.14

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